Linux reset root password

A Linux servers root password can be reset in a few simple steps via single-user mode.

To enter single-user mode, reboot your computer. If you use the default boot loader, GRUB, you can enter single user mode by performing the following:

1. At the boot loader menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the installation you want to edit and type [A] to enter into append mode.
2. You are presented with a prompt that looks similar to the following:

grub append> ro root=LABEL=/

3. Press the Spacebar once to add a blank space, then add the word single to tell GRUB to boot into single-user Linux mode. The result should look like the following:

ro root=LABEL=/ single

4. Press [Enter] and GRUB will boot single-user Linux mode. After it finishes loading, you will be presented with a shell prompt similar to the following: sh-2.05b#

5. You can now change the root password by typing:

passwd root
6. You will be asked to re-type the password for verification. Once you are finished, the password will be changed.

You can then reboot by typing reboot at the prompt; then you can log in to root as you normally would.

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